The place I stay, there are some unmistakable indicators that spring is, or quickly might be, right here. There’s the occasional flower bud that tries to get the soar on its fellows and spring-training studies from Florida that inform us the Orioles, as standard, stink. There’s additionally the variable climate: snow on Sunday, 85 levels on Wednesday. However my favorites are grocery store adverts that proclaim “Seafood for Lent” and entice prospects with bargain-priced shrimp and salmon-steaks.
These adverts confer with the Christian follow of fasting and/or abstaining from sure meals within the roughly seven weeks previous Easter, that are often called Lent and Holy Week. No matter what kind the observance takes, the message is similar: For Christians, that is an important time of the 12 months. It’s a time that may rework us in a approach that’s each bit as unmistakable as what’s occurring to the climate.
Whereas neither “Lent” — which comes from the Anglo-Saxon phrase “lengten,” which means “spring” — nor “Holy Week” seem in Scripture, the observances of Lent and Holy Week return a great distance in Christian historical past. The bishop and theologian Irenaeus wrote about fasting and different practices related to Holy Week — the week earlier than Easter — within the second century after Christ. The church historian Eusebius wrote that practices corresponding to these dated to apostolic instances, i.e., the years instantly following the dying and resurrection of Jesus. Along with “Holy Week,” it was often called the “Week of the Holy Ardour” — from the Latin phrase “passus” which implies “to endure” — and “The Week of Forgiveness.”
The recorded historical past of Lent goes again nearly as far. In 339 A.D., one other bishop and theologian, Athanasius, described a quick that started 40 days — a time frame that was derived from the 40 days that Jesus fasted within the wilderness at the beginning of his public ministry — previous to Holy Week as being the customized all through the Christian world and urged his flock in Alexandria, Egypt to not be a “laughing-stock as the one individuals who don’t quick however take our pleasure in these days.”
Regardless of the actual varieties that observances of Lent and Holy Week took, their objectives and functions had been the identical. It was a time throughout which latest converts to Christianity had been instructed and ready for baptism, which came about at Easter. For these candidates, often called catechumens, the seven weeks of Lent and Holy Week had been figuratively and actually the time throughout which they handed from darkness to mild and from dying to life.
An historical doc, often called the Gelassian Sacramentary, supplies us with a glimpse on the anticipation and significance of their expertise:
On Holy Saturday, those that had been elected as being prepared for illumination would meet collectively as catechumens for the final time. Right here they’re “catechized” by present process a remaining exorcism; they surrender Devil, are anointed with the “oil of exorcism” which has been blessed together with the chrism the previous Holy Thursday, and recite the Creed which they’ve memorized since listening to it within the fourth scrutiny [on the preceding Sunday].
They kneel for prayer, and are then dismissed, being informed to go residence “and await the hour when the grace of God in baptism shall be capable of enfold you.
For the already-baptized, Lent and Holy Week had been no much less significant. Lent has been referred to as the “springtime of the Church.” Christians had been referred to as upon to look at their lives and repent of their sins. They had been to recall the vows they made at their baptism and recommit themselves to dwelling in a approach that was per these vows.
Now, should you’re something like me — and in your sake, I pray that you just’re not — all this speak about self-examination and repentance may be unnerving and even miserable. In any case, the contours of my life are marked by (to borrow a phrase by Re:Era Quarterly‘s Andy Crouch) “disappointment, transcendence, frustration, delight, and anxiousness — and a good quantity of simply plain sin.” My shortcomings may cause me to dread, not sit up for, this “springtime” of the Church.
That’s as a result of, as is my wont, my self-absorption causes me to overlook the purpose and blinds me to the central and distinctive position that reminiscence performs in biblical religion, particularly throughout Holy Week. Holy Week is about anamnesis, bringing the previous to thoughts in a approach that transforms the current. Throughout Holy Week we rehearse — in probably the most primary which means of that phrase — the story of our salvation, beginning with the Fall and culminating in Good Friday.
And all through this rehearsal, a constant image of God emerges: the God who takes the initiative in reconciling us to Himself. He didn’t await us to one way or the other “measure up.” As an alternative, He got here down and met us the place we had been. We’re forgiven, as Maximus the Confessor stated, by the human determination of a divine particular person — a choice we recall most vividly on Holy (or Maundy) Thursday and Good Friday.
Discover the previous tense: “forgiven.” It’s already occurred and none of us had something to do with it. As St. Augustine, in his sermon for the Monday of Holy Week, requested: “The place had been the sinners, what had been they, when Christ died for them?”
No, this time isn’t about dwelling on our faults however recalling God’s mercy and love for us. The anamnesis I’ve described isn’t meant to be a supply of guilt or self-condemnation, however of hope. As Augustine put it, “When Christ has already given us the present of His dying, who’s to doubt that He’ll give the saints the present of His personal life?”
Reminiscence is what offers Lent and Holy Week their energy. Hope, born of recalling that “by [Christ] we’ve obtained entry to this grace by which we stand, and we rejoice in our hope of sharing the glory of God,” can rework us in a approach that disgrace and guilt — to say nothing of indifference — can’t. Hope is why this springtime of the Church can form us in methods that aren’t solely unmistakable however everlasting, as effectively.
Copyright 2003 Roberto Rivera y Carlo. All rights reserved.